Your baby's injections explained
Your baby's injections explained

Why does my child need to be vaccinated?
All children in the UK are offered vaccinations against diseases such as measles, pertussis (whooping cough) and mumps. If enough children are vaccinated, it's very difficult for a disease to take hold and spread, which is why, in the UK and other developed countries, illnesses like TB and diphtheria are now much less common. However, if the uptake of a particular vaccination is low, it's possible that it may lead to an outbreak of that disease.

How does a vaccine work?
Vaccines for bacterial diseases usually contain a tiny bit of the bacteria that the jab is formulated to protect against, which has been treated so it can't actually cause the disease, but will instead prompt the body to produce antibodies so it can defend itself. Vaccines that protect against viruses are actually a very weak form of the virus, and trigger a similar immune response from the body.

Will there be side effects?
Most children have no reaction at all. You can give infant paracetamol to bring fever down, but only if your child is in pain or miserable. In extremely rare cases, a vaccination may cause an immediate allergic reaction, known as anaphylactic shock. Bear in mind that a nurse giving one hundred immunisations a week for 52 weeks a year would see one of these reactions once every two hundred years. That's how rare it is.

NB: If your child has a reaction to an injection, such as a high fever, call NHS direct on 0845 4647.

How can I help my baby on injection day?
Give your baby a kiss and a cuddle after her jab - breastfeeding or a bottle of milk may be comforting, too. For a toddler, a cartoon character plaster over the injection site is a great distraction, as is a favourite treat. Praise her for sitting still during the injection and, if the injection site is red and sore, hold a cool pack against it. Don't rub it, however. The area may be sore and bruised for a few days - this is totally normal.

What vaccinations will my baby have, and when?

  • 2 months: First dose for diptheria, tetanus, pertussis (whooping cough), polio, Hib, pneumococcal infection.
  • 3 months: Second dose for diptheria, tetanus, pertussis, polio, Hib, first dose for meningitis C.
  • 4 months: Third dose for diptheria, tetanus, pertussis, polio, Hib; second dose for pneumococcal infection and meningitis C.
  • Around 12-13 months: Boosters for Hib and meningitis C. First dose for measles, mumps and rubella; booster for pneumococcal infection.
  • 3-5 years: Fourth dose diptheria, tetanus, pertussis, polio, and second dose measles, mumps and rubella. 09/01/2012 08:00:00
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1 comments on this
Silver member

03/11/2012 at 07:39

Complete guide to immunisations....Really? You have got to be kidding. There is hardly any info. Keep on spreading this crap if you will, but it would be great if you actually informed parents instead of posting this lame guide. Weather or not a parent vaccinates is their choice, but if anyone vaccinated from your article....they really need to think more for themselves and realize that their child deserves better then this. I'm fine with parents vaccinating if they know exactly what they are doing and believe it is best....but this doesn't give any info. Start with some real info next time you want to make a "complete guide". The parents and babies deserve the truth, not just " its best for them that is ALL you need to know." And FYI, not all reactions are immediate and the life threatening ones can take hours to, yeah, those nurses giving the shots wouldn't see the reactions. That does NOT mean that it is safe or that the reactions are so rare it would take 200 years for them to see...well maybe to see the ones that happen within seconds, but not the normal dangerous reactions that take 30 mins to a few days to happen. One of the most common reactions is often dismissed and it happens all the time, no it doesn't always kill. but it can and is often deemed shaken baby syndrome mistakenly instead of a vaccine reaction. Swelling of the brain, vaccine induced encephalitis. Ever have a baby scream bloody murder for 2+ hours after a shot? that is usually encephalitis. The babies are in pain from their brain swelling. There is so much more I could educate you on, but I know it'll not make a difference at all. As I said, it is for every parent to research, make an educated decision on what is best for Their child. Whatever they feel is right for them is great, as long as they cared enough to do a bit of research. I'm not against vaccinations, but I am against ignorance..and this article is the epitome of ignorance. Sorry to say. Or at least it is because it is claiming to be a complete guide.
P.s.Sorry if this is a never told me if it actually went through or not....
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